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Infectious disease

Potential risk of drug–drug interactions with hormonal contraceptives and antiretrovirals: prevalence in women living with HIV

Authors: Milena M Murray PharmD, MSc, Ashley Jensen PharmD, Thomas Cieslik PharmD Candidate, Susan E Cohn MD, MPH

The objectives of this study were to assess antiretroviral therapy and hormonal contraceptive use among women living with HIV and quantify the frequency of potential drug–drug interactions between antiretroviral therapy and hormonal contraceptives.

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Use of biologic agents and risk of tuberculosis in Brazil, a tuberculosis high-burden country

Authors: Fernanda Gomes Gonçalves Chaer MD, Juliana Miranda de Lucena Valim MD, Rogério Castro Reis MD, Giselle Burlamaqui Klautau PhD, Branca Dias Batista de Souza MSc

This study evaluated the frequency of tuberculosis infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis after the use of biologic agents in a single center of rheumatology.

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Urinary tract infections in the elderly: a review of disease characteristics and current treatment options

Authors: Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas MD, PhD

This narrative review considers the characteristics of urinary tract infections – prevalence and incidence, disease burden, risk factors, and clinical presentation – in the elderly, and examines current treatment options to manage urinary tract infections in the community.

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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): latest developments in potential treatments

Authors: Kam Lun Hon MBBS, MD, Karen Ka Yan Leung MBBS, MRCPCH, Alexander KC Leung MBBS, FRCPC, FRCP (UK & Irel), FRCPCH, FAAP, Su Yun Qian MD, Vivian PY Chan MPharm, MSc (Clin Pharm), BPharm, BCPPS, BCNSP, Patrick Ip MBBS, FRCPCH (Hon), FRCPCH, Ian CK Wong BPharm (Hons), MSc, PhD, FRCPCH (Hon)

This overview aims to review the current developments in preventive treatments and therapies for COVID-19.

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Can vitamins and/or supplements provide hope against coronavirus?

Authors: Sarah M Michienzi PharmD, Melissa E Badowski PharmD

The goal of this narrative review is to evaluate current and ongoing clinical trials of vitamins and supplements, alone or in combination with each other or other therapies, for the treatment of COVID-19.

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