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Immunology

The race to a COVID-19 vaccine: opportunities and challenges in development and distribution

Authors: Rodrigo M Burgos, Melissa E Badowski, Emily Drwiega, Samaneh Ghassemi, Nikki Griffith, Fischer Herald, Mikayla Johnson, Renata O Smith, Sarah M Michienzi

This article discusses the unprecedented toll of COVID-19 and how it jumpstarted the race towards potential COVID-19 vaccinations, which have been developed in less than a year. It discusses how this feat was accomplished, and how clinical development, manufacturing scale-up and distribution are occurring in parallel for the four COVID-19 vaccine front-runners. It also discusses the many challenges that still lie ahead.

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Emerging systemic JAK inhibitors in the treatment of atopic dermatitis: a review of abrocitinib, baricitinib, and upadacitinib

Authors: Novin Nezamololama, BSc, MSc, Keira Fieldhouse, BSc, Kristy Metzger, BSc, Melinda Gooderham, MD, MSc, FRCPC

This review summarizes the clinical data available from various trials and reports on the safety and efficacy of abrocitinib, baricitinib, and upadacitinib, the three oral systemic JAK inhibitors used in the treatment of atopic dermatitis.

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Upadacitinib versus placebo or adalimumab with background methotrexate in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and an inadequate response to methotrexate: a subgroup analysis of a phase III randomized controlled trial in Central and Eastern European patients

Authors: Karel Pavelka MD PhD, Zoltán Szekanecz MD PhD DSc, Nemanja Damjanov MD PhD, Branimir Anić MD PhD, Matija Tomšič MD PhD, Vadim Mazurov MD PhD, Marija Maksimovic MD, Orsolya Nagy MD PhD, Jerzy Świerkot MD PhD, Tzvetanka Petranova MD PhD, Tiina Veldi MD, Asta Baranauskaitė MD PhD, Catalin Codreanu MD PhD, Daina Andersone MD PhD, Roy Fleischmann MD

This post hoc analysis of SELECT-COMPARE reports, for the first time, the efficacy and safety of upadacitinib 15 mg in combination with methotrexate
(MTX) in patients from the Central and Eastern European region with MTX inadequate response rheumatoid arthritis compared with placebo or adalimumab with MTX up to 48 weeks of follow-up.

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Mepolizumab: an alternative therapy for idiopathic chronic eosinophilic pneumonia with glucocorticoid intolerance

Authors: Adam Kisling MD, Jason Jones MD, Caleb Hixson DO FCAP, David Hostler MD MPH FACP, Jordanna Hostler MD FACP

This article presents a case of ICEP in which mepolizumab was used as a steroid-sparing agent, resulting in improvement in markers of disease activity
and corticosteroid requirement.

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Kawasaki disease in siblings and a review of drug treatment

Authors: Steven King-fan Loo MBChB, FRCP, Kam Lun Hon MBBS, MD, FAAP, FCCM, Alexander KC Leung MBBS, FRCPC, FRCP (UK & Irel), FRCPCH, FAAP, Tak Cheung Yung MBBS, MRCPCH, Man Ching Yam MBChB, MRCPCH

This article describes the management of two siblings with KD
followed by a short review.

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