Back to homepage

Nephrology and Urology

Role of renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system inhibitors in heart failure and chronic kidney disease

Authors: Namrata Singhania MD, Saurabh Bansal MD, Shreya Mohandas, Divya P Nimmatoori MD, Abutaleb A Ejaz MD, Girish Singhania MD

This narrative review summarizes the role of renin–angiotensin–aldosterone system inhibitors in acute and chronic heart failure and chronic kidney disease.

More

Cinacalcet adherence in dialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism in Lombardy Region: clinical implications and costs

Authors: Alessandro Roggeri BSc, Ferruccio Conte MD, Carlotta Rossi MSc, Mario Cozzolino MD, PhD, Carlo Zocchetti MSc, Daniela Paola Roggeri MSc

This retrospective observational study evaluated, in dialysis patients with SHPT, the impact of different levels of adherence to cinacalcet therapy on hospitalisations and direct healthcare costs charged to the Lombardy Regional Health Service (Italy).

More

HIV, drugs and the kidney

Authors: Nicola Wearne MBChB, FCP, MMed, Bianca Davidson MBChB, FCP, MMed, Marc Blockman MBChB, BPharm, PG Dip Int Res Ethics, MMed, Annoesjka Swart BScPharm, Erika SW Jones MBBCh, FCP, PhD

This review discusses antiretroviral therapy and its nephrotoxic effects, including drug–drug interactions. It aims to guide the clinician on dose adjustment in the setting of renal impairment and dialysis, for the commonly used drugs in patients with HIV.

More

Expanding horizons for clinical applications of chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, and related structural analogues

Authors: Ashutosh M Shukla MD, Aparna Wagle Shukla MD

This article reviews the expanding clinical applicability of chloroquine and related drugs includes rheumatological and cardiovascular disorders (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), oncology, and a variety of nonmalarial infections.

More

Immunotherapy in renal cell carcinoma: latest evidence and clinical implications

Authors: Matteo Santoni MD, Francesco Massari MD, Vincenzo Di Nunno MD, Alessandro Conti MD, Alessia Cimadamore MD, Marina Scarpelli MD, Rodolfo Montironi PhD, Liang Cheng PhD, Nicola Battelli MD, Antonio Lopez-Beltran PhD

This editorial describes the results of the most recent clinical trials on the use of immunotherapies in renal cell carcinoma and research for reliable biomarkers of tumour response in this setting, as well as the role of the gut microbiome and tumour microenvironment in the development of future therapeutic strategies.

More