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Paediatrics

Febrile seizures: an overview

Authors: Alexander KC Leung MBBS, FRCPC, FRCP (UK and Irel), FRCPCH, FAAP, Kam Lun Hon MD, FAAP, FCCM, Theresa NH Leung MBBS, FRCPCH, FHKAM (Paed)

This review provides an update on the current understanding, evaluation, and management of febrile seizures.

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Emollient treatment of atopic dermatitis: latest evidence and clinical considerations

Authors: Kam Lun Hon MBBS, MD, FAAP, FCCM, Jeng Sum Charmaine Kung BSc, Wing Gi Gigi Ng BSc, Ting Fan Leung MBChB, MD, MRCP, FRCPCH

This article reviews current classes of emollients in the market, their clinical evidence in atopic dermatitis and considerations for choice of an emollient.

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Atopic dermatitis: a review of topical nonsteroid therapy

Authors: Ariana Papier BA, Lindsay C Strowd MD

This review focuses on the safety and efficacy of topical calcineurin and PDE4 inhibitors for the treatment of atopic dermatitis.

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An overview of exposure to ethanol-containing substances and ethanol intoxication in children based on three illustrated cases

Authors: Kam Lun Hon, Alexander KC Leung, Eddie Cheung, Bryan Lee, Michelle MC Tsang, Alcy R Torres

This review examines three anonymized cases of pediatric ethanol exposure. Using these illustrated cases, a narrative literature review is performed on issues of exposure to ethanol-containing substances and ethanol intoxication in children.

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Review of the experiences from the first childhood influenza vaccination programme with a live attenuated influenza vaccine in England and Scotland

Authors: George Kassianos, Sharon White, Arlene J Reynolds, Sankarasubramanian Rajaram

In 2012, the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation recommended that the UK National Immunisation Programme for influenza be extended to include healthy children/adolescents aged 2–17 years. The extension of this new immunisation programme began in 2013–2014 and targeted children aged 2–3 years in primary care. This article describes the processes utilised in England and Scotland for programme setup, workforce management, identification and care of contraindicated patients, collection of data on vaccine uptake, communication strategies, and education of parents and children. In light of the lessons learnt from these pilot programmes, the authors make recommendations and offer practical advice to help ensure effective preparation and management of new childhood influenza vaccination programmes in other countries.

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