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Cardiology and cardiovascular disease

The benefits of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy with RLP068 in the management of diabetic foot ulcers

Authors: Nicolò Martinelli MD, Vincenzo Curci MD, Antonella Quarantiello MD, Gennaro Saldalamacchia MD

This article is the first part of a literature review concerning diabetic foot ulcers and the use of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy. The article reports previously published evidence and presents four, unpublished, clinical cases treated in the real-life setting.


Medication adherence and treatment-resistant hypertension: a review

Authors: Mohammed Awais Hameed MB, ChB, Indranil Dasgupta DM

This article reviews medication nonadherence
in chronic health conditions with particular reference to
treatment-resistant hypertension.


Influence of the duration of hospital length of stay on frequency of prophylaxis and risk for venous thromboembolism among patients hospitalized for acute medical illnesses in the USA

Authors: Alpesh Amin MD, MBA, W Richey Neuman MD, MPH, Melissa Lingohr-Smith PhD, Brandy Menges PhD, Jay Lin PhD, MBA

This article evaluates whether the duration of hospital stay influences venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis patterns and VTE risk during hospitalization and post-discharge among patients hospitalized for acute illnesses in the USA.


Impact of lipid-lowering therapy on glycemic control and the risk for new-onset diabetes mellitus

Authors: Constantine E Kosmas MD, PhD, Delia Silverio MD, Andreas Sourlas, Frank Garcia MD, Peter D Montan MD, Eliscer Guzman MD

This review aims to present and discuss the clinical and scientific data pertaining to the impact of lipid-lowering therapy on glycemic control and the risk for new-onset diabetes mellitus.


The metabolic model of heart failure: the role of sodium glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibition

Authors: Muhammad Saad MD, Umut Gomceli MD, Pranav Ravi MD, Andrisael G Lacoste MD, Neil Shah MD, Timothy J Vittorio MD

In the recent era, SGLT-2 inhibitors have shown success in decreasing cardiovascular mortality in the type 2 diabetes mellitus population. This article will help the reviewer to comprehend the pathophysiology of heart failure and the potential role of SGLT-2 inhibitors in the management algorithm of heart failure and its associated risk factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus.