The prognostic role of variations in tumour markers (CEA, CA15.3) in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with CDK4/6 inhibitors

Federico Sottotetti, Elisa Ferraris, Barbara Tagliaferri, Raffaella Palumbo, Erica Quaquarini, Cristina Teragni, Emanuela Balletti, Claudia Leli, Andrea Premoli, Ludovica Mollica, Silvia Puglisi, Silvia Sardi, Alberto Malovini, Paolo Pedrazzoli, Antonio Bernardo

Article Type

Original Research

Published

In this real-life study, the authors aim to evaluate the prognostic role of variations in cancer antigen 15.3 (CA15.3) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels in patients with HR+/HER2− breast cancer treated with CDK4/6 inhibitors. The goal of this investigation is to consider whether it would be possible to use these markers as a monitoring tool to diagnose earlier, faster and in a more practical way.

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Experience with ospemifene in patients with vulvar and vaginal atrophy and a history of breast cancer: case studies

Mariella Lilue MD, Santiago Palacios MD, PhD, María del Carmen Pingarrón Santofimia MD

Article Type

Case Report

Published

Women with breast cancer are at a higher risk of developing vulvar and vaginal atrophy (VVA). Ospemifene is approved to treat VVA in postmenopausal women with a history of breast cancer after completion of all breast cancer (including adjuvant) treatments. This article examines the background characteristics and outcomes in two postmenopausal women with a history of breast cancer who were treated with ospemifene for VVA.

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A paradigm shift for the treatment of hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer: a review of CDK inhibitors

Mariane Teodoro Fernandes MD, Jacob J Adashek BA, Carmelia Maria Noia Barreto MD, Ana Cláudia Barbin Spinosa MD, Barbara de Souza Gutierres MSc, Gilberto Lopes MD, MBA, FAMS, Auro del Giglio MD, PhD, Pedro Nazareth Aguiar Jr MD, MSc

Article Type

Review

Published

A novel class of targeted therapy has been approved for patients with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HR+/HER2-) breast cancer. There are currently three approved agents, which are oral cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors. In this review, all available data is summarized, unanswered questions are highlighted, and pharmacological differences between each CDK4/6 inhibitor are discussed.

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Advances in the use of PARP inhibitor therapy for breast cancer

Kelly E McCann MD, PhD, Sara A Hurvitz MD

Article Type

Review

Published

In the care of oncology patients, poly-ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors are best known as a semitargeted treatment
for BRCA1- and BRCA2-associated ovarian and breast cancers, this article reviews the broader understanding of PARP biology that has spurred interest in expanding their clinical utility.

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