Sensory properties analysis of a calcipotriol and betamethasone dipropionate cream vehicle formulated with an innovative PAD Technology for the treatment of plaque psoriasis on the skin and scalp
Background: In psoriasis, poor treatment adherence is frequently related to low efficacy and limited cosmetic acceptability from the patients’ perspective. This study aimed to characterize the sensorial attributes of a calcipotriol (CAL) and betamethasone dipropionate (BDP)-cream vehicle based on polyaphron dispersion (PAD) Technology and to compare them with the conventional ointment and oleogel formulations for psoriasis.
Methods: A panel of 16 experts assessed sensory properties at four different stages: appearance, pick up, rub out and afterfeel. Descriptive sensory analysis was used to evaluate relevant attributes. Each attribute was rated on a line scale (range 0–100%). Active ingredients were not used because panellists were healthy volunteers, and vehicle formulations needed to be used instead.
Results: CAL/BDP PAD-cream vehicle was evaluated as having a low stickiness, low grease behaviour, good wetness, and good spreadability. Ointment showed the least desirable behaviour regarding these properties. Moreover, once CAL/BDP PAD-cream vehicle was absorbed, the gloss disappeared quickly, leaving low stickiness and a low amount of residue. This afterfeel behaviour was not observed with ointment. The oleogel formulation had good sensory properties, similar to CAL/BDP PAD-cream vehicle, but with lower integrity of shape, lower wetness and higher greasiness.
Conclusion: Overall, CAL/BDP PAD-cream vehicle has the desirable requirements for a topical product for the treatment of psoriasis, with better sensory properties than ointment and easier manipulation than oleogel, which may lead to greater acceptance and adherence.