Aims: To analyze the clinical profile and management of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation taking rivaroxaban in routine practice in Spain.
Methods: Clinical data from the observational studies HEROIC (cardiology and hematology; n=1,727), EMIR (cardiology; n=1,493), BRONCE-AP (primary care; n=133), SILVER-AP (primary care; n=457), ALADIN (internal medicine and neurology; n=249), and ESPARTA (internal medicine; n=110) of patients taking rivaroxaban were analyzed. The clinical profile was compared with those of the XANTUS and ROCKET-AF studies.
Results: Overall, mean age was 74.9±9.4 years, CHA2DS2-VASc score was 3.7±1.5, and 43.2% had a HAS-BLED score ≥3. Patients included in the HEROIC and EMIR studies were older and more frequently had a creatinine clearance <50 mL/min and a higher thromboembolic risk than those in the XANTUS study, and patients included in the ALADIN study were older and had more prior cerebrovascular disease, but a lower thromboembolic risk than those in the ROCKET-AF trial. In those studies with available data, medication adherence and satisfaction with rivaroxaban were high.
Conclusion: Bearing in mind differences according to the clinical setting of each study, atrial fibrillation patients taking rivaroxaban in Spain were elderly and had a high thromboembolic risk. Medication adherence and satisfaction with rivaroxaban were high.