Bempedoic acid for the treatment of dyslipidemia

Article Details

Authors
Joel C Marrs PharmD, MPH, Sarah L Anderson PharmD

Article Type
Review

DOI
10.7573/dic.2020-6-5

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Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and one key factor associated with the increased CVD risk is dyslipidemia. Statin therapy remains the first-line treatment to manage dyslipidemia, yet many patients do not achieve optimal low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels even after taking moderate- or high-intensity statins; therefore, additional, non-statin therapy is often needed. Bempedoic acid is a prodrug that, once activated, decreases LDL-C levels by the inhibition of adenosine triphosphate citrate lyase in the liver. Five clinical trials have demonstrated the safety and efficacy of bempedoic acid and the bempedoic acid/ezetimibe combination in lowering LDL-C in patients with atherosclerotic CVD and heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia and also in high-risk primary prevention, and statin-intolerant patients. Bempedoic acid has been demonstrated to lower LDL-C levels by 15–25% in clinical trials and up to 38% when combined with ezetimibe. In 2020, the FDA approved bempedoic acid. Furthermore, the combination of bempedoic acid with ezetimibe is FDA approved for the treatment of adults with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia or established atherosclerotic CVD who require additional LDL-C lowering after maximally tolerated statin therapy. The ongoing CLEAR OUTCOMES trial aims to evaluate whether bempedoic acid can reduce cardiovascular events in patients with statin intolerance and results will be available in the next 3 years. This outcomes trial will be pivotal for determining the role of bempedoic acid in the non-statin lipid-lowering armamentarium.

Keywords: bempedoic acid, cardiovascular events, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol.

Citation: Marrs JC, Anderson SL. Bempedoic acid for the treatment of dyslipidemia. Drugs in Context 2020; 9: 2020-6-5. DOI: 10.7573/dic.2020-6-5

Contributions: All authors contributed equally to the preparation of this review. All named authors meet the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) criteria for authorship for this article, take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, and have given their approval for this version to be published.

Disclosure and potential conflicts of interest: The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest relevant to this manuscript. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) Potential Conflicts of Interests form for the authors is available for download at: https://www.drugsincontext.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/dic.2020-6-5-COI.pdf

Acknowledgements: None.

Funding declaration: There was no funding associated with the preparation of this article.

Copyright: Copyright © 2020 Marrs JC, Anderson SL. Published by Drugs in Context under Creative Commons License Deed CC BY NC ND 4.0 which allows anyone to copy, distribute, and transmit the article provided it is properly attributed in the manner specified below. No commercial use without permission.

Correct attribution: Copyright © 2020 Marrs JC, Anderson SL. https://doi.org/10.7573/dic.2020-6-5. Published by Drugs in Context under Creative Commons License Deed CC BY NC ND 4.0.

Article URL: https://www.drugsincontext.com/bempedoic-acid-for-the-treatment-of-dyslipidemia

Correspondence: Joel Marrs, Mail Stop C238, 12850 E. Montview Blvd., room V20-2128, Aurora, CO, 80045, USA. joel.marrs@cuanschutz.edu

Submitted: 9 June 2020; Peer review comments to author: 3 July 2020; Revised manuscript received: 24 July 2020; Accepted: 27 July 2020; Publication date: 24 August 2020.

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